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J Audiol Otol > Epub ahead of print
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7874/jao.2021.00479    [Epub ahead of print] Published online December 30, 2021.
Effects of Natural Versus Synthetic Consonant and Vowel Stimuli on Cortical Auditory-Evoked Potential
Hyunwook Song1  , Seungik Jeon1  , Yerim Shin1  , Woojae Han1,2  , Saea Kim1  , Chanbeom Kwak1  , Eunsung Lee1  , Jinsook Kim1,2 
1Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Graduate School, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
2Division of Speech Pathology and Audiology, College of Natural Sciences, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence  Jinsook Kim ,Tel: +82-33-248-2213, Fax: +82-33-256-3420, Email: jskim@hallym.ac.kr
Submitted: August 23, 2021  Accepted after revision: October 9, 2021
Background and Objectives
Natural and synthetic speech signals effectively stimulate cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP). This study aimed to select the speech materials for CAEP and identify CAEP waveforms according to gender of speaker (GS) and gender of listener (GL).
Subjects and Methods
Two experiments including a comparison of natural and synthetic stimuli and CAEP measurement were performed of 21 young announcers and 40 young adults. Plosive /g/ and /b/ and aspirated plosive /k/ and /p/ were combined to /a/. Six bisyllables–/ga/-/ka/, /ga/-/ba/, /ga/-/pa/, /ka/-/ba/, /ka/-/pa/, and /ba/-/pa/–were formulated as tentative forwarding and backwarding orders. In the natural and synthetic stimulation mode (SM) according to GS, /ka/ and /pa/ were selected through the first experiment used for CAEP measurement.
The correction rate differences were largest (74%) at /ka/-/ pa/ and /pa/-/ka/; thus, they were selected as stimulation materals for CAEP measurement. The SM showed shorter latency with P2 and N1-P2 with natural stimulation and N2 with synthetic stimulation. The P2 amplitude was larger with natural stimulation. The SD showed significantly larger amplitude for P2 and N1-P2 with /pa/. The GS showed shorter latency for P2, N2, and N1-P2 and larger amplitude for N2 with female speakers. The GL showed shorter latency for N2 and N1-P2 and larger amplitude for N2 with female listeners.
Although several variables showed significance for N2, P2, and N1-P2, P1 and N1 did not show any significance for any variables. N2 and P2 of CAEP seemed affected by endogenous factors.
Keywords: Auditory evoked response; Natural speech response; Synthetic speech response


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